ST Women in Technology - 56

her to become a prostitute or a child bride. The
government might have laws requiring girls to
attend school or prohibiting childhood marriage,
but if a girl doesn't have a birth certificate, we
won't be able to enforce that policy in the village.
Clearly, tamper-proof documentation would be
a good thing for poor women and marginalized
people in general. Many of the world's most
vulnerable lose all they have because they
lack the right papers or have had their papers
stolen from them. Farmers who lack proof they
own their land can have it taken away by a new
political regime. Refugees who have had to leave
everything behind, from academic degrees to
medical records to bank accounts, have nothing
to prove their identity nor what they did in their
home country.

IF YOU DON'T HAVE AN IDENTITY,
NO ONE CAN PROTECT YOU.
ONCE WE KNOW YOU EXIST, WE
CAN COUNT YOU, WE CAN BEGIN
WORKING TOWARD TRYING TO
PROTECT YOU, MAKING SURE
YOUR HUMAN RIGHTS ARE
OBSERVED.

The lack of legal identity prevents people from
being a part of society, from being served, heard,
understood or even considered. A formal identity
is the basis of fundamental rights and without it,
people are invisible.
Secure documents would make a big difference
in their lives. But how do you give someone an
indestructible identity that cannot be taken away
by somebody else, whether it's a criminal or a
family or a government?
We think blockchain technology may be part of
the solution.

HOW BLOCKCHAIN
CAN HELP
The United Nations is working with the ID2020
Alliance, a global group that is working to give
56

the world's 1.1 billion undocumented people
unique digital identities. We're also working
with UN Women to look at how distributed
ledger systems can be used to address women's
humanitarian needs. And we have posed a
challenge-"Blockchain for Humanity"-that
focuses on combatting child trafficking.
Currently, there are nearly 20 million women who
are victims of trafficking, roughly half of them
children. This challenge has led to a successful
pilot project by the government of Moldova.
If you don't have an identity, no one can protect
you. Once we know you exist, we can count
you, we can begin working toward trying to
protect you. We can ensure that your human
rights are observed, and help you achieve legal
equality. Blockchain can't solve everything, but
I think it will be the foundation of some major
social changes.
It's important that we remember, however,
that technology is amoral. Though our biases
can seep into technologies such as artificial
intelligence, the baseline of technology is devoid
of moral judgement. Whether it is good or bad
largely depends on who is using it and for what
purpose. In the Dark Web, Bitcoin and other
crypto-currencies are being used for criminal
transactions, including human trafficking. Our
message to criminals in the Dark Web is: "OK, if
you're going to use this technology for bad, we'll
use this technology for good."

THE IMPLICATIONS OF
BLOCKCHAIN TRANSACTIONS ARE
STAGGERING. WHEN A MAID IN
NEW YORK CITY NO LONGER HAS
TO PAY A LARGE FEE TO SEND
$400 BACK HOME TO HONDURAS,
THAT'S NOT ONLY SAVING HER
MONEY-IT'S SHIFTING POWER
AND ULTIMATELY CHANGING THE
WORLD'S INCOME DISTRIBUTION.

The first generation of the Internet was all
about moving information. This generation,
the blockchain era, is all about exchanging and
safeguarding value. With blockchain, we are



ST Women in Technology

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ST Women in Technology

Contents
ST Women in Technology - Cover1
ST Women in Technology - Cover2
ST Women in Technology - 1
ST Women in Technology - Contents
ST Women in Technology - 3
ST Women in Technology - 4
ST Women in Technology - 5
ST Women in Technology - 6
ST Women in Technology - 7
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ST Women in Technology - Cover4
ST Women in Technology - 108
ST Women in Technology - Poster 1
ST Women in Technology - Poster 2
ST Women in Technology - Poster 3
ST Women in Technology - Poster 4
ST Women in Technology - Poster 5
ST Women in Technology - Poster 6
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