CIO Straight Talk - Issue 9 - 19a
Catalan poet and theologian
Ramon Llull publishes Ars generalis
ultima (The Ultimate General Art),
further perfecting his method of
using paper-based mechanical
means to create new knowledge
from combinations of concepts.
The Spanish engineer Leonardo Torres y Quevedo
demonstrates the first chess-playing machine, capable
of king and rook against king endgames without any
Czech writer Karel Čapek intro
in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Un
"robot" comes from the word "
Alan Turing publishes "Computing Machinery
and Intelligence" in which he proposes "the
imitation game," which will later become known
as the "Turing Test."
The term "artificial intelligence" is coined in a proposal for a
"2 month, 10 man study of artificial intelligence" submitted
by John McCarthy (Dartmouth College), Marvin Minsky
(Harvard University), Nathaniel Rochester (IBM), and Claude
Shannon (Bell Telephone Laboratories). The workshop, which
took place a year later, in July and August 1956, is generally
considered as the official birthdate of the new field.